Isis : Ek Alaukik Naari

Isis : Ek Alaukik Naari

 

Uska Naam

Isis, naam kaa vartamaan aam upayog, maatri bhakti, kartavyaparaayaṇaataa aur mamataa ke pahaloo tak seemit hai. Lekin vah isase kaheen zayaadaa hai—vah us divya naari tatva kaa pratinidhitva karati hai jismein vah srijanaatmak shakti hai, jo—shaareerik aur aadhyaatmik donon roop se—samast jeevon ki kalpanaa karati hai aur unhen utpann karati hai.

Praacheen Misr ke log Isis ko laukik stri tatva kaa prateek maanate the. Is tatva mein hajaaron naari guṇa va visheshataayen samaahit hoti hain aur Misravaasiyon ke paas is naari tatva ke pratyek swaroop kaa varṇaan karane ke liye shabd the.

Angrezi sanskriti mein, naam keval ek lebal hotaa hai, jo kisi ek vyakti yaa vastu ko Doosre se alag pahachaan detaa hai. Lekin Misravaasiyon (praacheen aur vartamaan mook bahunkhyak donon) ke liye, ek saamaany “naam” kisi astitva (vyakti/vastu/devataa aadi) ke Guṇon aur visheshataaon kaa sankshep yaa saar hai. Misr ke saamaany naam kisi bhi astitva ki visheshataa aur guṇa hote hain. Yeh Hindi ke baḍhayi, kisaan jaise shabdon ke samaan hai jo ek vishishṭ gatividhi kaa pratinidhitva karate hain.

Hindi yaa Angrezi bhaashaa mein, ham uske naam kaa ullekh Isis yaa aaIsis ke roop mein karate hain, lekin Misriyon ke paas us laukik stri tatva ki samagrataa kaa sankshep karane vaalaa ek prateek shabd thaa. Yeh vyaapak Misri shabd thaa Auset. To is praacheen Misri “naam” mein kyaa hai? Yeh dekhane ke liye ki kaise koi naam Guṇon aur visheshataaon kaa pratinidhitva karataa hai, aaie ham Auset kaa arth dekhate hain.

Auset mein mukhya shabd Aus aur pratyay et hote hain. Aus kaa arth hai srot, shakti yaa paavar. Gaṇit mein, ham 2 ko 2 ki varg yaa paavar kehte hain. Is gaṇiteeya shakti yaa paavar ko Aus kahaa jaataa hai. Auset ke ant mein pratyay ‘et”, ise streeling banaataa hai.

Iske alaavaa Aus kaa arth hai srot aur shakti, iskaa arth mool yaa kaaraṇ bhi hai.

Is sambandh mein, ham Auset ko is brahmaanḍa ki shakti, srot aur srijit brahmaanḍa ke kaaraṇ, tathaa is brahmaanḍa ke samamast samaaveshi ke roop mein dekhenge.

Au-set kaa ek aur dilachasp arth naari yaa devi hai, aur vaastav mein vah dharati aur aakaash ki devi hai. Vah brahmaanḍa mein naari tatva kaa pratinidhitva karati hai. Yeh tatva swaym ko beshumaar roopon aur tareekon se khud ko abhivyakt karati hai, aur isaliye praacheen Misravaasi use 10,000 naamon (arthaat Guṇon) vaali Auset (Isis) kehte the.

Misri naam Auset se kayi shabd seedhe-seedhe nikalate hain, jaise ki seta, jiskaa arth hai sankhyaa 6. Yeh bahut mahatvapoorṇa hai kyonki 6 sthaan, maatraa aur samay ki antim sankhyaa hai. Iski chhah satahon vaalaa ghan prithvi kaa moḍaal hai. Is prakaar, vah brahmaanḍaeeya garbh (brahm-anḍa) ke saath-saath dharati kaa bhi pratinidhitva karati hai, jIske baare mein ham baad mein vistaar se charchaa karenge.

Auset naam ke arth se sambandhit ek aur Angrezi shabd ‘seaṭ’ hai. Isis ko hameshaa vaidhataa ke srot ke roop mein sir par seeṭ yaa sinhaasan pahane hue chitrit kiyaa jaataa hai, jo ki praacheen Misr (saath hi vartamaan mook bahusankhyak) ke maatrivansheeya aur maatrisattaatmak samaaj mein prakaṭ hotaa hai. Is vishay par is pustak mein baad mein charchaa ki jaayegi.

Jaisaa ki hamane ullekh kiyaa hai, Hindi yaa Angrezi bhaashaa mein Isis ke saamaany naam kaa upayog moolyavaan jaankaari, gyaan aur vivek ke bodh mein baadhaa ḍaalataa hai. Haalaanki, Hindi bolane vaale paaṭhakon ki aasaani ke liye, ham Hindi/Angrezi bhaashaa ke paaṭhakon ke parichit shabd, Isis tathaa anya praacheen Misri naamon kaa upayog karanaa jaari rakhenge.

Srishṭi prakriyaa mein Eishwareeya naari tatva ke roop mein Isis ki bhoomikaa ko sabhi ne maanyataa di hai. na jaane kab se, vah har jagah maujood hai—aur sabhi use jaantehain. Plutarch ne Moralia khanḍa 5 mein is baare mein likhaa hai:

“Isis, vaastav mein, prakriti kaa naari tatva hai, aur vah santati ke har roop ki graahi hai, aur adhikaansh log use anaginat naamon se bulaate hain, kyonki vah kaaraṇ shakti hai. Vah pratyek aakaaron aur swaroopon ke prati grahaṇaasheel ban kar, apaneaap ko bhinn-bhinn cheezon mein ḍhaal deti hai.”

Prakriti ke naari tatva ke roop mein Isis ki bhoomikaaon ko samajhane ke liye, hamein jagat ke srijan ke kram mein Uski mool brahmaanḍaeeya bhoomikaa ke baare mein jaananaa hogaa.

 

[isaka ek ansh:Isis, Ek Alaukik Nari dvaara likhit Moustafa Gadalla]

par pustak saamagree dekhen https://egypt-tehuti.org/product/isis-ek-alaukik-naari/

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