praacheen misr ke haarps kee akhil vishvavyaapee kshamata

praacheen misr ke haarps kee akhil vishvavyaapee kshamata

 

Praacheen Misri Harp Roop, Aakaar, Swarup, Aur Apani Taaron Ki Sankhyaa Ke Maamale Mein Bhinn-Bhinn Hote The. Praacheen Chitrakaari Mein Inhen 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17, 20, 21, Aur 22 Taaron Ke Saath Chitrait Kiyaa Gayaa Hai.

Harp Ko Mandir Ki Sevaayon Ke Liye Vishesh Roop Se Upayukt Maanaa Jaataa Thaa. Yehaan Tak Ki Ise Devataayon Ke Haathon Mein Bhi Darshaayaa Gayaa Thaa.

 

Harp Moolatah Do Prakaar Ke Hote Theah

1. Chhote (Kndhe Par) Dhoe Jaa Sakane Vaale (Uthale Meharaabadaar) Harp. Kndhe Vaale Harp Vishvabhar Ke Sangrahaalayon Mein Badi Sankhyaa Mein Milate Hain. Is Tarah Ke Sabhi Waadyayantron Ki Tarah, Inaki Aisi Setting Hoti Thi Ki Inhen Aage Se Peechhe Yaa Oopar Se Neeche Ki Or Yaa Inake Vipareet Kiyaa Jaa Saktaa Thaa. Yeh Taaron Ke Liye Ek Suspension Rod Ki Tarah Thaa, Jo Vibhinn Pitches Ke Liye Tvarit Tuning Detaa Thaa.

portable-harp

2. Bade, Meharaabadaar (Dhanushaakaar) Harp Yaa Konaeey Harp. Misr Mein, Bade Harp Ke Kayi Roop Milate Hain Jo Unke Snrachanayon Aur Aakaaron Ke Aadhaar Par Bhinn-Bhinn Hote Hain, Jaise Unka Taar Kaa Holdaar Upar Sthit Hai Yaa Neeche, Unka Anunaadak Seedhi Rekhaa Mein Hai Yaa Jhukaa Huaa. [Yehaan Par Pradarshit Ek Drishya Hai Emeinnemet Ke Maqabare, Beni Hassan, 12th Raajavansh-Lagabhag 1850 Eisa Poorv, Kaa Hai.]

bow-harp

Jahaan Tak Aawaaz Kaa Sambandh Hai, Dhanushaakaar Aur Konaeey Harp Ke Beech Koi Antar Naheen Hotaa Hai.

 

Praacheen Misri Harp Ki Anaginat Kismon Se Unke Sangeet Kshamataa Ke Khazaane Kaa Pataa Chalataa Hai. Nimn Vivaran Keval Khule Taaron Ke Beech Ke Anupaat Par Aadhaarit Hai.

=> Yehaan Yeh Dhyaan Denaa Chaahiye Ki Ek Haath Se Waadan Ki Takneek Dwaaraa Sangeet Ke Bahut Saare Sur Praapt Kiye Jaa Sakate Hain, Jaisaa Ki Pehle Dikhaayaa Jaa Chukaa Hai.

1. 4 Se 22 Taaron Vaale Kuchh Harp Anekon Saptak Ke Liye Sur Ki Ek Vistrit Shrrinkhalaa Utpann Karane Mein Saksham Hote Hain. Sabse Kam Aur Adhik Ke Beech Kaa Anupaat 1: 3 Se 1: 4 (Yaani 1 Se 2 Saptak) Ke Beech Hotaa Hai. Ek Haath Vaali Takneek Se, Vibhinn Sur Aur Saptak Ki Aseemit Sambhaavanayen Praapt Ki Jaa Sakati Hai.

2. Chauthaa, Paanchavaan, Aur Saptak Ke Antaraal Praacheen Misri Sangeet Paramparaa Mein Sabse Aam The. Curt Sachs [Apani Pustak, History Of Musical Instrument Mein] Ne Paayaa Ki Misri Chitraon Mein Pradarshit 17 Harp Waadakon Mein Se Saat Chauthaa Raag, Paanch Paanchavaa Raag, Aur Paanch Saptak Raag Bajaa Rahe Hain, Vo Bhi Behad Yatharthapoorna Aur Vishisht Tareeke Se Jise Vishvasaneey Record Maan Sakate Hain.

3. Praacheen Misr Ki Kayi Harp Mein Sabse Chhote Aur Sabse Lambe Taar Ke Beech Kaa Anupaat 2: 3 Ke Lagabhag Hai. Choonki Yeh Antaraal Paanch Taaron Ke Beech Vibhaajit Hai, Isliye Scale Mein Aadhe Aur Poore Suron Ke Beech Kayi Suron Ki Renj Upalabdh Karaa Sakati Hai. Das Taaron Vaale Harp Mein, Yeh Ek (Maayinar) Semeeton (90 Cent = 4 Comma) Kaa Ausat Antaraal Deti Hai.

4. Remeses III Ke Maqabare Mein Paaye Gaye Do Harp Mein Se Ek Ke 13 Taar Hain, Jisamein Sabse Lambaa Taar Agar Ek Octave Yaa Saptak Ke Vistaar Ke Bheetar Pros-Lambanomeinos, Yaa D; Kaa Pratinidhitv Karataa Hai, To Shesh 12 Taar Semeeton, Aur Kvartar Ton, Daayataunik, Krometik, Aur Enhaarmonik Jenaraa, Aadi Sabhi Suron Se Kuchh Badh Kar Dete Hogen.

Is 13-Taar Harp Ki Tuning Chaar Tetrachords, Hypaton, Meson, Synemmeinon, Aur Diezeugnenon, Ke Saath Neeche Pros-Lambanomeinos Ko Prastut Kar Sakate Hain.

tetrachords-300x41

5. Aamataur Par Sabse Zayaadaa Chitrait Harp Mein Saat Taar Paaye Gaye Hain, Aur Curt Sachs Ki Misri Waadyayantron Ke Adhyayan Ke Anusaar, Misravaasi Apani Harp Antaraalon Ki Ek Hi Diatonic Shrrinkhalaa Mein Tune Karate The.

6. Luxor (Thebes) Mein Praapt 20 Taaron Vaali Ek Praacheen Misri Harp Mein Pentatonic Scale Chaar Saptakon Yaa Octaveon Ke Sahaare Chal Rahaa Thaa. Aur 21 Taaron Vaali Harp [Peris Museum Mein] Mein Antaraal Ke Samaan Kram Ke Saath Hi Pradhaan Swar (Keenot) Sheersh Par Thaa.

 

[isaka ek ansh:Misri Waadyayantra dvaara likhit Moustafa Gadalla]

par pustak saamagree dekhen https://egypt-tehuti.org/product/misri-waadyayantra/

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Pustak kray aautalet: 

e – printed peparabaik amejan se upalabdh hain.

—–
bee – peedeeeph praaroop mein upalabdh hai …
i- svaroop vikalp daeen or.
ii- googlai pustaken aur googlai play
—–
ch- mobee praaroop mein upalabdh hai …
i- svaroop vikalp daeen or.
ii- amezan
—–
d- eepab praaroop mein upalabdh hai …
i- daeen or ithai praaroop vikalp.
ii- googlai pustaken aur googlai play
iii- ibooks, kobo, b & n (nook) aur smashwords.chom